17.3.08

Microsoft Windows XP & other versions tips & tricks - Volume 3

How to Rename the Recycle Bin

To change the name of the Recycle Bin desktop icon, open Regedit and go to:

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT/CLSID/{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}

and change the name "Recycle Bin" to whatever you want (don't type any quotes).


How to Remove Windows XP's Messenger


Theoretically, you can get rid of it (as well as a few other things). Windows 2000 power users should already be familiar with this tweak.

Fire up the Windows Explorer and navigate your way to the %SYSTEMROOT% \ INF folder. What the heck is that thingy with the percentage signs? It's a variable. For most people, %SYSTEMROOT% is CWindows. For others, it may be EWinXP. Get it? Okay, on with the hack! In the INF folder, open sysoc.inf (but not before making a BACKUP copy first). Before your eyes glaze over, look for the line containing "msmsgs" in it. Near the end of that particular line, you'll notice that the word "hide" is not so hidden. Go ahead and delete "hide" (so that the flanking commas are left sitting next to one another). save the file and close it. Now, open the Add and Remove Programs applet in the Control Panel. Click the Add / Remove Windows Components icon. You should see "Windows Messenger" in that list. Remove the checkmark from its box, and you should be set. NOTE: there are other hidden system components in that sysoc.inf file, too. Remove "hide" and the subsequent programs at your own risk. READ CAREFULLY


Speed up viewing shared files across a network

Windows 2000 & XP machines delay as long as 30 seconds when you try to view shared files across a network because Windows is using the extra time to search the remote computer for any Scheduled Tasks. Here's how to prevent this remote search for Scheduled Tasks:
Open up the Registry and go to :

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Curr entVersion/Explorer/RemoteComputer/NameSpace

Under that branch, select the key :

{D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF}

and delete it.


Speed Up Browsing

When you connect to a web site your computer sends information back and forth. Some of this information deals with resolving the site name to an IP address, the stuff that TCP/IP really deals with, not words. This is DNS information and is used so that you will not need to ask for the site location each and every time you visit the site. Although Windows XP and Windows XP have a pretty efficient DNS cache, you can increase its overall performance by increasing its size. You can do this with the registry entries below:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Servic es\Dnscache\Parameters]
"CacheHashTableBucketSize"=dword:00000001
"CacheHashTableSize"=dword:00000180
"MaxCacheEntryTtlLimit"=dword:0000fa00
"MaxSOACacheEntryTtlLimit"=dword:0000012d

Make a new text file and rename it to dnscache.reg. Then copy and paste the above into it and save it. Merge it into the registry.

Custom User Icons



Here's how you can customize your user account icon.

Single-click the start menu and choose Control Panel.
Single-click the User Accounts icon.
Find the user account you'd like to change the icon for and click on it.
Click the text that says "Change My Picture."
You'll have the option to either pick one of the predefined icons or choose your own.
If you like one of the predefined icons, just highlight the one you like and click the button labeled "Change Picture."
If you'd like to use your own picture, just click the magnifying glass or the text labeled "Browse for more pictures." This will launch a dialog box directing you to navigate to where your new picture is stored. After you find it, just click Open to save your new changes.

Speed up your browsing of Windows 2000 & XP machines

Open up the Registry and go to :

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Curr ent Version/Explorer/RemoteComputer/NameSpace

Under that branch, select the key :

{D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF}

and delete it.

This is key that instructs Windows to search for Scheduled Tasks. If you like you may want to export the exact branch so that you can restore the key if necessary.

This fix is so effective that it doesn't require a reboot and you can almost immediately determine yourself how much it speeds up your browsing processes.

IP address of your connection

Go to start/run type 'cmd'

then type 'ipconfig'

Add the '/all' switch for more info.

Make your Folders Private

•Open My Computer
•Double-click the drive where Windows is installed (usually drive (C, unless you have more than one drive on your computer).
•If the contents of the drive are hidden, under System Tasks, click Show the contents of this drive.
•Double-click the Documents and Settings folder.
•Double-click your user folder.
•Right-click any folder in your user profile, and then click Properties.
•On the Sharing tab, select the Make this folder private so that only I have access to it check box.


Note

•To open My Computer, click Start, and then click My Computer.
•This option is only available for folders included in your user profile. Folders in your user profile include My Documents and its subfolders, Desktop, Start Menu, Cookies, and Favorites. If you do not make these folders private, they are available to everyone who uses your computer.
•When you make a folder private, all of its subfolders are private as well. For example, when you make My Documents private, you also make My Music and My Pictures private. When you share a folder, you also share all of its subfolders unless you make them private.
•You cannot make your folders private if your drive is not formatted as NTFS
For information about converting your drive to NTFS


AVI File Fix in Windows XP

First Open Windows Movie Maker. Click View and then click Options. Click in the box to remove the check mark beside Automatically create clips. Now, import the movie file that has interference and drag it onto the timeline. Then save the movie, and during the re-rendering, the interference will be removed.

Hide 'User Accounts' from users

Go to Start/Run, and type:

GPEDIT.MSC

Open the path

User Config > Admin Templates > Control Panel

doubleclick "Hide specified Control Panel applets"

put a dot in 'enabled', then click 'Show"

click Add button,

type "nusrmgt.cpl" into the add box

How to make your Desktop Icons Transparent

Go to ontrol Panel > System, > Advanced > Performance area > Settings button Visual Effects tab "Use drop shadows for icon labels on the Desktop" .smallersig { height:170px; width:100%; overflow:hidden; }
sendpm.gif

Microsoft Windows XP & other versions tips & tricks - Volume 2

Microsoft Natural Keyboard Keys:
Windows Logo: Start menu
Windows Logo + R: Run dialog box
Windows Logo + M: Minimize all
SHIFT + Windows Logo+M: Undo minimize all
Windows Logo + F1: Help
Windows Logo + E: Windows Explorer
Windows Logo + F: Find files or folders
Windows Logo + D: Minimizes all open windows and displays the desktop
CTRL + Windows Logo + F: Find computer
CTRL + Windows Logo + TAB: Moves focus from Start, to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray (use RIGHT ARROW or LEFT ARROW to move focus to items on the Quick Launch toolbar and the system tray)
Windows Logo + TAB: Cycle through taskbar buttons
Windows Logo + Break: System Properties dialog box
Application key: Displays a shortcut menu for the selected item


Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType Software Installed:
Windows Logo + L: Log off Windows
Windows Logo + P: Starts Print Manager
Windows Logo + C: Opens Control Panel
Windows Logo + V: Starts Clipboard
Windows Logo + K: Opens Keyboard Properties dialog box
Windows Logo + I: Opens Mouse Properties dialog box
Windows Logo + A: Starts Accessibility Options (if installed)
Windows Logo + SPACEBAR: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys
Windows Logo + S: Toggles CAPS LOCK on and off


Dialog Box Keyboard Commands:
TAB: Move to the next control in the dialog box
SHIFT + TAB: Move to the previous control in the dialog box
SPACEBAR: If the current control is a button, this clicks the button. If the current control is a check box, this toggles the check box. If the current control is an option, this selects the option.
ENTER: Equivalent to clicking the selected button (the button with the outline)
ESC: Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button
ALT + underlined letter in dialog box item: Move to the corresponding item


General Keyboard-Only Commands:
F1: Starts Windows Help
F10: Activates menu bar options
SHIFT + F10: Opens a shortcut menu for the selected item (this is the same as right-clicking an object
CTRL + ESC: Opens the Start menu (use the ARROW keys to select an item)
CTRL + ESC or ESC: Selects the Start button (press TAB to select the taskbar, or press SHIFT+F10 for a context menu)
ALT + DOWN ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box
ALT + TAB: Switch to another running program (hold down the ALT key and then press the TAB key to view the task-switching window)
SHIFT: Press and hold down the SHIFT key while you insert a CD-ROM to bypass the automatic-run feature
ALT + SPACE: Displays the main window's System menu (from the System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window)
ALT +- (ALT + hyphen): Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI)child window's System menu (from the MDI child window's System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the child window)
CTRL + TAB: Switch to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) program
ALT + underlined letter in menu: Opens the menu
ALT + F4: Closes the current window
CTRL + F4: Closes the current Multiple Document Interface (MDI) window
ALT + F6: Switch between multiple windows in the same program (for example, when the Notepad Find dialog box is displayed
ALT + F6: switches between the Find dialog box and the main Notepad window)


Shell Objects and General Folder/Windows Explorer Shortcuts For a selected object:
F2: Rename object
F3: Find all files
CTRL + X: Cut
CTRL + C: Copy
CTRL + V: Paste
SHIFT + DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Recycle Bin
ALT + ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object
To Copy a File: Press and hold down the CTRL key while you drag the file to another folder.
To Create a Shortcut: Press and hold down CTRL+SHIFT while you drag a file to the desktop or a folder.


General Folder/Shortcut Control:
F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the box (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer)
F5: Refreshes the current window.
F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer
CTRL + G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only)
CTRL + Z: Undo the last command
CTRL + A: Select all the items in the current window
BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder
SHIFT + click + Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all parent folders


Windows Explorer Tree Control:
Numeric Keypad *: Expands everything under the current selection
Numeric Keypad +: Expands the current selection
Numeric Keypad -: Collapses the current selection.
RIGHT ARROW: Expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise goes to the first child
LEFT ARROW: Collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise goes to the parent

Properties Control:
CTRL + TAB/CTRL + SHIFT + TAB: Move through the property tabs


Accessibility Shortcuts:
Press SHIFT five times: Toggles StickyKeys on and off
Press down and hold the right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Toggles FilterKeys on and off
Press down and hold the NUM LOCK key for five seconds: Toggles ToggleKeys on and off
Left ALT + left SHIFT+NUM LOCK: Toggles MouseKeys on and off
Left ALT + left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN: Toggles high contrast on and off

Press Win+L to switch to the Welcome screen.
-----
Press Win+L to lock your workstation.
-----
You can switch users without going through the Welcome screen: From Task Manager, go to the Users tab, right-click a user, and select Connect.
-----
Hold down the shift key in the shutdown dialog to change "Stand By" to "Hibernate". Or just press H to hibernate instantly. You can even use the Power Control Panel to configure your power button to hibernate.
-----
To disable the password when resuming from standby or hibernation, open the Power Control Panel and uncheck "Prompt for password after returning from standby" on the Advanced tab.
-----
You can rename multiple files all at once: Select a group of files, right-click the first file, and select "Rename". Type in a name for the first file, and the rest will follow.
-----
Hold down the shift key when switching to thumbnail view to hide the file names. Do it again to bring them back.
-----
When dragging a file in Explorer, you can control the operation that will be performed when you release the mouse button:

Hold the Control key to force a Copy.

Hold the Shift key to force a Move.

Hold the Alt key to force a Create Shortcut.
-----
If you create a file called Folder.jpg, that image will be used as the thumbnail for the folder. What's more, that image will also be used as the album art in Windows Media Player for all media files in that folder.
-----
From the View Menu, select "Choose Details" to select which file properties should be shown in the Explorer window. To sort by a file property, check its name in the "Choose Details" in order to make that property available in the "Arrange Icons by" menu.
-----
To display the volume control icon in the taskbar, go to the Sounds and Audio Devices Control Panel and select "Place volume icon in the taskbar".
-----
Hold down the shift key when deleting a file to delete it immediately instead of placing it in the Recycle Bin. Files deleted in this way cannot be restored.
-----
If you hold down the shift key while clicking "No" in a Confirm File Operation dialog, the response will be interpreted as "No to All".
-----
To save a document with an extension other than the one a program wants to use, enclose the entire name in quotation marks. For example, if you run Notepad and save a file under the name

Dr.Z

it will actually be saved under the name Dr.Z.txt. But if you type

"Dr.Z"

then the document will be saved under the name Dr.Z. Note that a document so-named cannot be opened via double-clicking since the extension is no longer ".txt".
-----
Put a shortcut to your favorite editor in your Send To folder and it will appear in your "Send To" menu. You can then right-click any file and send it to your editor.
-----
Ctrl+Shift+Escape will launch Task Manager.
-----
To arrange two windows side-by-side, switch to the first window, then hold the Control key while right-clicking the taskbar button of the second window. Select "Tile Vertically".
-----
To close several windows at once, hold down the Control key while clicking on the taskbar buttons of each window. Once you have selected all the windows you want to close, right-click the last button you selected and pick "Close Group".
-----
You can turn a folder into a desktop toolbar by dragging the icon of the desired folder to the edge of the screen. You can then turn it into a floating toolbar by dragging it from the edge of the screen into the middle of the screen. (It helps if you minimize all application windows first.)
-----
You can turn a folder into a taskbar toolbar.

First, unlock your taskbar.

Next, drag the icon of the desired folder to the space between the taskbar buttons and the clock. (Wait for the no-entry cursor to change to an arrow. It's a very tiny space; you will have to hunt for it.)

You can rearrange and resize the taskbar toolbar you just created.

You can even turn the taskbar toolbar into a menu by resizing it until only its name is visible.
-----
In the Address Bar, type "microsoft" and hit Ctrl+Enter. Internet Explorer automatically inserts the "http://www." and ".com" for you.
-----
To remove an AutoComplete entry from a Web form, highlight the item in the AutoComplete dropdown and press the Delete key.

To remove all Web form AutoComplete entries, go to the Internet Explorer Tools menu, select Internet Options, Content, AutoComplete, then press the "Clear Forms" button.
-----
To organize your Favorites in Explorer instead of using the Organize Favorites dialog, hold the shift key while selecting "Organize Favorites" from the Favorites menu of an Explorer window.
-----
You can organize your Favorites by dragging the items around your Favorites menu.

Alternatively, you can open the Favorites pane and hold the Alt key while pressing the up and down arrows to change the order of your Favorites.
-----
To run Internet Explorer fullscreen, press F11. Do it again to return to normal mode.
-----
If your "Printers and Faxes" folder is empty, you can hide the "Printers and Faxes" icon when viewed from other computers by stopping the Print Spooler service.
-----
To add or remove columns from Details mode, select Choose Details from the View menu, or just right-click the column header bar.
-----
In Internet Explorer, hold the Shift key while turning the mouse wheel to go forwards or backwards.
-----
In Internet Explorer, hold the Shift key while clicking on a link to open the Web page in a new window.
-----
In Internet Explorer, type Ctrl+D to add the current page to your Favorites.

This and many more keyboard shortcuts can be found by going to Internet Explorer, clicking the Help menu, then selecting Contents and Index. From the table of contents, open Accessibility and click "Using Internet Explorer keyboard shortcuts".
-----
In some applications (such as Internet Explorer), holding the Control key while turning the mouse wheel will change the font size.
-----
To shut down via Remote Desktop, click the Start button, then type Alt+F4.
-----

Run Commands:
CODE
compmgmt.msc - Computer management
devmgmt.msc - Device manager
diskmgmt.msc - Disk management
dfrg.msc - Disk defrag
eventvwr.msc - Event viewer
fsmgmt.msc - Shared folders
gpedit.msc - Group policies
lusrmgr.msc - Local users and groups
perfmon.msc - Performance monitor
rsop.msc - Resultant set of policies
secpol.msc - Local security settings
services.msc - Various Services
msconfig - System Configuration Utility
regedit - Registry Editor
msinfo32 _ System Information
sysedit _ System Edit
win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini)
winver _ Shows current version of windows
mailto: _ Opens default email client
command _ Opens command prompt


Run Commands to access the control panel:
CODE
Add/Remove Programs control appwiz.cpl
Date/Time Properties control timedate.cpl
Display Properties control desk.cpl
FindFast control findfast.cpl
Fonts Folder control fonts
Internet Properties control inetcpl.cpl
Keyboard Properties control main.cpl keyboard
Mouse Properties control main.cpl
Multimedia Properties control mmsys.cpl
Network Properties control netcpl.cpl
Password Properties control password.cpl
Printers Folder control printers
Sound Properties control mmsys.cpl sounds
System Properties control sysdm.cpl


Command Prompt:
CODE
ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.
ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.
ASSOC View the file associations.
AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.
BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
CACLS View and modify file ACL's.
CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.
CD Changes directories.
CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
CHDIR Changes directories.
CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
CLS Clears the screen.
CMD Opens the command interpreter.
COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.
COMP Compares files.
COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.
CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
CONVERT Convert FAT to NTFS.
COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.
DATE View or change the systems date.
DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
DEL Deletes one or more files.
DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.
DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
DIR List the contents of one or more directory.
DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.
DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
EDIT View and edit files.
EDLIN View and edit files.
EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.
ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
ERASE Erase files from computer.
EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.
EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it's original format.
EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets.
FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.
FC Compare files.
FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.
FIND Search for text within a file.
FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.
FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.
FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
FOR Boolean used in batch files.
FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.
FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.
HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.
IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
KEYB Change layout of keyboard.
LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.
LH Load a device driver in to high memory.
LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.
LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.
LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.
LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
MAP Displays the device name of a drive.
MD Command to create a new directory.
MEM Display memory on system.
MKDIR Command to create a new directory.
MODE Modify the port or display settings.
MORE Display one page at a time.
MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.
MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner.
MSD Diagnostics utility.
MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings
NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
NLSFUNC Load country specific information.
NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
PATH View and modify the computers path location.
PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency.
PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
PING Test / send information to another network computer or network device.
POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
POWER Conserve power with computer portables.
PRINT Prints data to a printer port.
PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
QBASIC Open the QBasic.
RD Removes an empty directory.
REN Renames a file or directory.
RENAME Renames a file or directory.
RMDIR Removes an empty directory.
ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables.
RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.
SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.
SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
SET Change one variable or string to another.
SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.
TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
TIME View or modify the system time.
TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.
TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network.
TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
TYPE Display the contents of a file.
UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.
UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.
UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.
VER Display the version information.
VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists
TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications


Windows XP Shortcuts:
CODE
ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu
ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item
ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened
ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program
ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window
ALT+TAB Switch between open items
ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer
CTRL+A Select all
CTRL+B Bold
CTRL+C Copy
CTRL+I Italics
CTRL+O Open an item
CTRL+U Underline
CTRL+V Paste
CTRL+X Cut
CTRL+Z Undo
CTRL+F4 Close the active document
CTRL while dragging Copy selected item
CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word
CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word
CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph
CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph
SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin
ESC Cancel the current task
F1 Displays Help
F2 Rename selected item
F3 Search for a file or folder
F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer
F5 Refresh the active window
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager
SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing
WIN Display or hide the Start menu
WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box
WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop
WIN+E Open Windows Explorer
WIN+F Search for a file or folder
WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers
WIN+L Locks the desktop
WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows
WIN+R Open the Run dialog box
WIN+TAB Switch between open items


Windows Explorer Shortcuts:
CODE
ALT+SPACEBAR - Display the current window?s system menu
SHIFT+F10 - Display the item's context menu
CTRL+ESC - Display the Start menu
ALT+TAB - Switch to the window you last used
ALT+F4 - Close the current window or quit
CTRL+A - Select all items
CTRL+X - Cut selected item(s)
CTRL+C - Copy selected item(s)
CTRL+V - Paste item(s)
CTRL+Z - Undo last action
CTRL+(+) - Automatically resize the columns in the right hand pane
TAB - Move forward through options
ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Move forward to a previous view
ALT+LEFT ARROW - Move backward to a previous view
SHIFT+DELETE - Delete an item immediately
BACKSPACE - View the folder one level up
ALT+ENTER - View an item?s properties
F10 - Activate the menu bar in programs
F6 - Switch between left and right panes
F5 - Refresh window contents
F3 - Display Find application
F2 - Rename selected item


Internet Explorer Shortcuts:
Code:

CTRL+A - Select all items on the current page
CTRL+D - Add the current page to your Favorites
CTRL+E - Open the Search bar
CTRL+F - Find on this page
CTRL+H - Open the History bar
CTRL+I - Open the Favorites bar
CTRL+N - Open a new window
CTRL+O - Go to a new location
CTRL+P - Print the current page or active frame
CTRL+S - Save the current page
CTRL+W - Close current browser window
CTRL+ENTER - Adds the http://www. (url) .com
SHIFT+CLICK - Open link in new window
BACKSPACE - Go to the previous page
ALT+HOME - Go to your Home page
HOME - Move to the beginning of a document
TAB - Move forward through items on a page
END - Move to the end of a document
ESC - Stop downloading a page
F11 - Toggle full-screen view
F5 - Refresh the current page
F4 - Display list of typed addresses
F6 - Change Address bar and page focus
ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Go to the next page
SHIFT+CTRL+TAB - Move back between frames
SHIFT+F10 - Display a shortcut menu for a link
SHIFT+TAB - Move back through the items on a page
CTRL+TAB - Move forward between frames
CTRL+C - Copy selected items to the clipboard
CTRL+V - Insert contents of the clipboard
ENTER - Activate a selected link
HOME - Move to the beginning of a document
END - Move to the end of a document
F1 - Display Internet Explorer Help

DOS Shortcuts - Tips n Tricks

Of sometime you want to use in your Windows But as you well know Run need some commands and with that commands you can manage and moderating your pc much better.for example there is a command that show you your pc info like ram and cpu usage and etc...

you can start the program by pressing win+r keys or open the start menu and click on the Run.
now all you need to do is typing the commands in the box

Regedit
this command will allow you to have access to different part of your windows and change them.but i warn you don't change the thing that you don't have any info about it.

CMD
with this command the Dos Window will appear and you can type your commands for this system

PERFMON
this command will open the monitor system program and will show you your Ram usage and CPU usage and input and out put.also it will show you the hard disk usage in a table.

SYSEDIT
With This Command The System File Editor Will be open and you can edit them.but becareful about editing.don't edit the file that you don't have information about it.

FIREWALL
this command will allow you to activate your Windows FireWall.it's good to be safe against hackers and firewall is for the security in the net.

DRWTSN32
with this command the Doctor Watson progam will open and can help you to find your softwares problems.

NTBACKUP
this command use for having back up from your system

DISKMGMT
with this command you can manage your hard and all of the partitions and edit them.

DEVMGMT
this command will allow you to gain control of your hardwares and enable or disable them.

EDUCEDIT
this command will allow you to build or edit character.

Services
with this command you can disable your windows service and change it.

MSCONFIG
with this command you can deactivate the softwares that run when your system start to work.

LAMP - Open Source



10.3.08

Top billionaires

The following list is the ranking of the world's richest billionaires on 11 February 2008, and does not reflect changes since that date.

Icon Description
Has not changed from last year's list.
Has increased from last year's list.
Has decreased from last year's list.

Name Net worth (USD) Citizenship Residence Sources of wealth
1 Buffett, WarrenWarren Buffett $62.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United StatesUnited States Berkshire Hathaway
2 Slim Helú, CarlosCarlos Slim Helú $60.0 billion Flag of Mexico Mexico Flag of Mexico Mexico Telmex, América Móvil
3 Gates, BillBill Gates $58.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Microsoft
4 Mittal, LakshmiLakshmi Mittal $45.0 billion Flag of India India Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Arcelor Mittal
5 Ambani, MukeshMukesh Ambani $43.0 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India Reliance Industries
6 Ambani, AnilAnil Ambani $42.0 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group
7 Kamprad, IngvarIngvar Kamprad and family $31.0 billion Flag of Sweden Sweden Flag of Switzerland Switzerland IKEA
8 Pal Singh, KushalKushal Pal Singh $30.0 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India DLF Group
9 Deripaska, OlegOleg Deripaska $28.0 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Rusal
10 Albrecht, KarlKarl Albrecht $27.0 billion Flag of Germany Germany Flag of Germany Germany ALDI, Trader Joe's
11 Ka-shing, LiLi Ka-shing $26.5 billion Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Cheung Kong Holdings, Hutchison Whampoa
12 Adelson, SheldonSheldon Adelson $26.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Las Vegas Sands
13 Arnault, BernardBernard Arnault $25.5 billion Flag of France France Flag of France France LVMH
14 Ellison, LawrenceLawrence Ellison $25.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Oracle Corporation
15 Abramovich, RomanRoman Abramovich $23.5 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Millhouse Capital, Chelsea FC
16 Albrecht, TheoTheo Albrecht $23.0 billion Flag of Germany Germany Flag of Germany Germany ALDI
17 Bettencourt, LilianeLiliane Bettencourt $22.9 billion Flag of France France Flag of France France L'Oréal
18 Mordashov, AlexeiAlexei Mordashov $21.2 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Severstal
19 Bin Talal Alsaud, Prince AlwaleedPrince Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud $21.0 billion Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Kingdom Holding Company, Citigroup
20 Fridman, MikhailMikhail Fridman $20.8 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Alfa Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&021.&&&&&021 Lisin, VladimirVladimir Lisin $20.3 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Novolipetsk Steel
22 Ortega, AmancioAmancio Ortega $20.2 billion Flag of Spain Spain Flag of Spain Spain Inditex Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&023.&&&&&023 Kwok, RaymondRaymond Kwok, Thomas and Walter $19.9 billion Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Sun Hung Kai & Company
&&&&&&&&&&&&&024.&&&&&024 Prokhorov, MikhailMikhail Prokhorov $19.5 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Interros
&&&&&&&&&&&&&024.&&&&&024 Potanin, VladimirVladimir Potanin $19.5 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Interros
&&&&&&&&&&&&&026.&&&&&026 Christy Walton and family $19.2 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Wal-Mart
&&&&&&&&&&&&&026.&&&&&026 Walton, JimJim Walton $19.2 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Wal-Mart
&&&&&&&&&&&&&026.&&&&&026 Robson Walton, S.S. Robson Walton $19.2 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Wal-Mart
&&&&&&&&&&&&&029.&&&&&029 Shau Kee, LeeLee Shau Kee $19.0 billion Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Henderson Land Development
&&&&&&&&&&&&&029.&&&&&029 Walton, AliceAlice Walton $19.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Wal-Mart
31 David Thomson and family $18.9 billion Flag of Canada Canada Flag of Canada Canada Thomson Corporation
&&&&&&&&&&&&&032.&&&&&032 Brin, SergeySergey Brin $18.7 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Google
&&&&&&&&&&&&&033.&&&&&033 Page, LarryLarry Page $18.6 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Google
&&&&&&&&&&&&&034.&&&&&034 Michael Otto and family $18.2 billion Flag of Germany Germany Flag of Germany Germany Otto GmbH
&&&&&&&&&&&&&035.&&&&&035 Stefan Persson $17.7 billion Flag of Sweden Sweden Flag of Sweden Sweden Hennes & Mauritz
&&&&&&&&&&&&&036.&&&&&036 Kerimov, SuleimanSuleiman Kerimov $17.5 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Gazprom, Sberbank
&&&&&&&&&&&&&037.&&&&&037 Koch, CharlesCharles Koch $17.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Koch Industries
&&&&&&&&&&&&&037.&&&&&037 Koch, DavidDavid Koch $17.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Koch Industries
&&&&&&&&&&&&&039.&&&&&039 Pinault, FrançoisFrançois Pinault and family $16.9 billion Flag of France France Flag of France France PPR
&&&&&&&&&&&&&040.&&&&&040 Dell, MichaelMichael Dell $16.4 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Dell
&&&&&&&&&&&&&041.&&&&&041 Allen, PaulPaul Allen $16.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Microsoft, investments
&&&&&&&&&&&&&041.&&&&&041 Kerkorian, KirkKirk Kerkorian $16.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Tracinda Corporation
&&&&&&&&&&&&&043.&&&&&043 Ballmer, StevenSteven Ballmer $15.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Microsoft
&&&&&&&&&&&&&043.&&&&&043 Johnson, AbigailAbigail Johnson $15.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Fidelity Investments
&&&&&&&&&&&&&043.&&&&&043 Ruia, ShashiShashi Ruia and Ravi Ruia $15.0 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India Essar
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Nasser Al-Kharafi and family $14.0 billion Flag of Kuwait Kuwait Flag of Kuwait Kuwait M. A. Kharafi & Sons
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Duke of Westminster and family $14.0 billion Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom Grosvenor Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Icahn, CarlCarl Icahn $14.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States investments
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Edward Mars, Jr., ForrestForrest Edward Mars, Jr. $14.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Mars, Incorporated
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Mars, JacquelineJacqueline Mars $14.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Mars, Incorporated
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Mars, JohnJohn Mars $14.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Mars, Incorporated
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Birgit Rausing and family $14.0 billion Flag of Sweden Sweden Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Tetra Laval
&&&&&&&&&&&&&046.&&&&&046 Jack C. Taylor and family $14.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Enterprise Rent-A-Car
&&&&&&&&&&&&&054.&&&&&054 German Khan $13.9 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia TNK-BP
&&&&&&&&&&&&&055.&&&&&055 Susanne Klatten $13.2 billion Flag of Germany Germany Flag of Germany Germany BMW
&&&&&&&&&&&&&056.&&&&&056 Vagit Alekperov $13.0 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Lukoil
&&&&&&&&&&&&&056.&&&&&056 Donald Bren $13.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Irvine Company
&&&&&&&&&&&&&058.&&&&&058 Alain & Gerard Wertheimer $12.9 billion Flag of France France Flag of the United States United States Chanel
&&&&&&&&&&&&&059.&&&&&059 Rybolovlev, DmitryDmitry Rybolovlev $12.8 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Uralkali
&&&&&&&&&&&&&060.&&&&&060 Premji, AzimAzim Premji $12.7 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India Wipro Technologies
&&&&&&&&&&&&&060.&&&&&060 Sawiris, NaguibNaguib Sawiris $12.7 billion Flag of Egypt Egypt Flag of Egypt Egypt Orascom Telecom Holding
&&&&&&&&&&&&&062.&&&&&062 Cox Chambers, AnneAnne Cox Chambers $12.6 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Cox Enterprises
&&&&&&&&&&&&&063.&&&&&063 Makhmudov, IskanderIskander Makhmudov $11.9 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Uralskaya Gorno-Metallurgicheskaya Kompaniya
&&&&&&&&&&&&&064.&&&&&064 Sunil Mittal and family $11.8 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India Bharti Telecom
&&&&&&&&&&&&&065.&&&&&065 Abramov, AlexanderAlexander Abramov $11.5 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Evraz Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&065.&&&&&065 Bloomberg, MichaelMichael Bloomberg $11.5 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Bloomberg L.P.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&067.&&&&&067 Vekselberg, ViktorViktor Vekselberg $11.2 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Renova Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&068.&&&&&068 Michele Ferrero and family $11.0 billion Flag of Italy Italy Flag of Monaco Monaco Ferrero SpA
&&&&&&&&&&&&&068.&&&&&068 Kaiser, GeorgeGeorge Kaiser $11.0 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States BOK Financial Corporation
&&&&&&&&&&&&&068.&&&&&068 Spiro Latsis and family $11.0 billion Flag of Greece Greece Flag of Switzerland Switzerland EFG Bank European Financial Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&068.&&&&&068 Sawiris, NassefNassef Sawiris $11.0 billion Flag of Egypt Egypt Flag of Egypt Egypt Orascom Construction Industries (OCI)
&&&&&&&&&&&&&072.&&&&&072 Kuzmichev, AlexeiAlexei Kuzmichev $10.8 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia Alfa Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&073.&&&&&073 Bray, BeauBeau Bray $10.4 billion Flag of the United States United States Flag of the United States United States Namco
&&&&&&&&&&&&&073.&&&&&073 Rashnikov, ViktorViktor Rashnikov $10.4 billion Flag of Russia Russia Flag of Russia Russia MMK
&&&&&&&&&&&&&075.&&&&&075 Bertarelli, ErnestoErnesto Bertarelli $10.3 billion Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Serono
&&&&&&&&&&&&&076.&&&&&076 Birla, KumarKumar Birla $10.2 billion Flag of India India Flag of India India Aditya Birla Group
&&&&&&&&&&&&&077.&&&&&077 Del Vecchio, LeonardoLeonardo Del Vecchio $10.0 billion Flag of Italy Italy Flag of Italy Italy Luxottica
&&&&&&&&&&&&&077.&&&&&077 Ermírio de Moraes, AntônioAntônio Ermírio de Moraes & family $10.0 billion Flag of Brazil Brazil Flag of Brazil Brazil Votorantim Group